Pradhan Mantri Jan Vikas Karyakram (PMJVK)
PMJVK aims to address development deficits in identified minority concentration areas. The identification of these areas will be done on the basis of presence of substantial population of notified Minority Communities based on Census, 2011. It will also provide better socio economic infrastructure facilities to minority communities particularly in field of education, health and skill development as compared to present situation. This will lead to lessening of gap between national average and minority communities with regard to backwardness parameters.
PMJVK will be implemented in Minority Concentration District Headquarters, Minority Concentration Block(MCBs), Minority Concentration Towns(MCTs) falling in 308 districts of 32 States/UTs. It will also be implemented in Backward Clusters of Minority Concentration Villages (CoMCV) which will be identified on proposal of States/UTs as per criteria of the scheme.
Multi-sectoral Development Programme (MsDP)
MsDP is a special area development scheme designed to address the ‘development deficits’ seen in Minority Concentration Districts. MsDP has been identified as one of the Core of the Core Schemes under National Development Agenda in the Report of the Sub-Group of Chief Ministers on Rationalization of Centrally Sponsored Schemes, which was constituted by NITI Aayog.
The programme was launched in the year 2008-09 in 90 identified Minority Concentration Districts (MCDs) having at least 25% minority population and below national average with respect to one or both of the backwardness parameters with the objective of developing assets for socio-economic and basic amenities. The MCDs were identified on the basis of census 2001 data. The programme continued during 11th Five Year Plan.
The MsDP was restructured in June 2013 for implementation during 12th Five Year Plan and the area of implementation was replaced by Minority Concentration Blocks (MCB), Minority Concentration Towns (MCT) and Clusters of Villages. Total MCBs – 710, MCTs – 66 in 196 Districts. The MsDP is currently in operation in 27 States/UTs.
MsDP has been designed primarily to address the developmental gaps/deficits in identified backward minority concentration areas by topping up of existing Centrally Sponsored Schemes of various Central ministries/departments without any change in the norms, guidelines and the funding pattern.
The projects considered are additional class rooms, laboratories, school buildings, hostels, toilets, buildings for Polytechnics, ITIs, Community Health Centres, Primary Health Centres / Sub-centres, Anganwadi Centres, Rural Housing etc.
In addition to gap filling projects, MsDP also provides for taking up innovative projects which are not covered by any of the existing CSS of various ministries and these are funded in the ratio of 60:40 and for NE and Hilly States at 90:10 between the Centre and States. This includes Sadbhav Mandap, Market shed etc.
Beneficiaries of PMJVK
As far as PMJVK is concerned, the communities notified as minority communities under Section 2 (c) of the National Com mission for Minorities Act, 1992 would be taken as Minority Communities. At present 6 (six) communities namely Muslims, Sikhs, Christians, Buddhists, Zoroastrians (Parsis) and Jains have been notified as Minority Communities under Section 2 (c) of the National Commission for Minorities Act, 1992.
The Programme aims to address development deficits in the identified minority concentration areas. The identification of minority concentration areas has been done on the basis of presence of substantial population of notified Minority Communities based on Census, 2011. The inclusion of Minority Concentration District Headquarters along with the Minority Concentration Towns having population more than 25,000, Minority Concentration Blocks and Cluster of Villages as per Census, 2011 data, will extend the coverage of population of minority communities.
- The PMJVK will be implemented in Minority Concentration District Hqrs(MCD Hrs), Minority Concentration Block(MCBs), Minority Concentration Towns(MCTs) falling in 308 districts of 32 States/UTs.
- The unit area for implementation will include 109 MCD Hqrs, 870 MCBs and 321 MCTs.
- Moreover, the scheme will also be implemented in Backward Clusters of Minority Concentration Villages (CoMCV). These CoMCV will be identified on the proposal of the States/UTs as per criteria of PMJVK.
- The PMJVK would now cover five more States/UTs namely Himachal Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Nagaland, Goa and Pondicherry.
- Minority Concentration Areas of 61 districts out of 115 Aspirational districts have been covered under PMJVK.