World Asthma Day is observed on the first Tuesday of May each year. This day tries to create awareness about this condition that affects the airways of the patient. There is no cure for asthma but the symptoms can be controlled effectively. It can cause symptoms like wheeze, cough, shortness of breath and chest tightness. According to WHO, asthma affected an estimated 262 million people in 2019 and caused 461000 deaths. It is the most common chronic disease among children. One may also experience trouble sleeping caused by shortness of breath or coughing. Exposure to irritants such as pollen, dust, cold air, pollutants and more may trigger the signs and symptoms of asthma. There are several myths around the disease that can affect the management and treatment of the disease. Here are some common misconceptions you should stop believing.
World Asthma Day 2021: Myths around asthma to stop believing
Dr. Sandeepa HS who is a consultant pulmonologist at BGS Gleneagles Global Hospital shares three common myths around asthma. Here are some of these-
1. It only affects kids
The most common misconception people have is that it can only happen to children and get better with age. In reality, Asthma can be found in patients of all age including adults, senior citizens and not just children.
2. It is infectious
The other misconception is that asthma is infectious, but in fact, it is not. However, certain viral respiratory infections like cold and flu might trigger asthma attacks among the patients.
3. Asthmatics cannot exercise
It is a misconception that asthma patients should not do any physical exercise. In fact, if this disease is well controlled with the correct treatment, then most patients are capable of performing physical exercises.